WHY Jolly Phonics?
‘The English Club’ teaches ‘Jolly Phonics’. Our flagship programme, Jolly Phonics, teaches children to read and write using synthetic phonics, which is widely recognised as the most effective way to teach children to read and write in English.
Children are not just taught the alphabet sounds, but all the 42 main letter sounds and how they are written. With this knowledge they are taken through stages of blending. Jolly Phonics is a comprehensive programme, based on the proven, fun and muliti-sensory synthetic phonics method that gets children reading and writing from a young age. It follows that we teach letter sounds as opposed to the alphabet. These 42 letter sounds are phonic building blocks that kids, with the right instruments, use to decode the English language. When studying a word, they recognise the letters and blend together the respective sounds; when writing a word they identify the noises and also write down the corresponding letters. These abilities are called blending and segmenting. These are two of the five skills that kids need to learn phonics:
Learning the letter sounds:
Children are taught 42 letter sounds, which is a mix of alphabet sounds (1 sound – 1 letter) and digraphs (1 sound – 2 letters) such as sh, th, ai and ue. Using a multi-sensory approach each letter sound is introduced with fun actions, stories and songs.
We teach the letter sounds in 7 groups of 6 letters at a pace of 4-5 sounds a week. Children can start reading after the first group of letters have been taught and should have been introduced to all the 42 letter sounds after 9 weeks at school.
Learning letter formation:
This is taught alongside the introduction of each letter sound. Typically, children will learn how to form and write the letters letter down during the course of the lesson.
Once the first few letter sounds are learnt, children begin blending the sounds together to help them read and write new words.
When children start reading words, they also need to start identifying the phonic components that make the word sound the way it does. By teaching blending and segmenting at the same time children become familiar with assembling and breaking down the sounds within words.
These are words with irregular parts, such as ‘who’ and ‘I’. Children learn these as exceptions to the rules of phonics. Introducing the common tricky words early in the year increases reading fluency (as they frequently occur in those first simple sentences you might expect them to read).